CANCER TREATMENT (ONCOLOGY)
Medical oncology is a branch of science which covers not only the treatment of cancer patients, but also cancer protection, cancer scanning and early diagnostic applications. In other words, every stage of cancer is a matter of medical oncology.
Moreover, in cancer diagnosis and treatment, there is cooperation between various fields such as surgery and radiology. The approach to patients is planned as a multidiscipline in line with scientific data. Treatment is performed by means of medication administered intravenously or orally. However, this practice varies depending on the type of cancer.
Treatment planning changes based on the cell type of cancer, the organ where it first appeared and the areas to which it has spread. Treatment is performed as an adjuvant treatment to reduce recurrence risk of the disorder, as a neo-adjuvant treatment to make the bulk available for operation or to protect the organs, or as a palliative treatment to extend lifetime in disorders at later stages and to increase life quality. Treatment can be performed individually or in combination with other therapies.
Methods Used In The Application Of Medical Oncology
Chemotherapy (Medicated Therapy): Chemotherapy aims to destroy cancerous cells that grow in an uncontrolled manner due to some changes in their structures. In most cases, the aim is to kill cancerous cells by administering several medications through different mechanisms.
Hormone Therapy: Hormonal drugs are used in the treatment of tumors that are sensitive to hormones, such as prostate and breast cancers. Drugs are generally administered orally. Another application method is injection.
Immunotherapy (Treatment of the Immune System): Substances that the immune system naturally produces are used to identify and kill cancerous cells by alerting the body’s immune system.
Target-Driven Biological Therapy: One of the most important developments of the last decade in cancer treatment has been the development of highly effective biological therapies with relatively few side effects and which identify targets that are present in cancerous cells but not in normal cells. Such target-driven therapies established for cancer treatment are effective options for many types of cancer and are successfully implemented in many cancer types, especially in breast cancer, intestinal cancer and renal cancer.